Scarify the Seed
Seeds with hard outer coats require scarification to germinate — the breaking of the coat to permit moisture to reach the embryo within the seed. In nature, scarification is accomplished in a number of ways, including freezing temperatures and transmission through avian digestive tracts. Scarify the draco seeds by using a scalpel or nail clippers to chip away a small section of the seed coat. Don’t cut too deep, just enough to allow moisture to reach the embryo.
Plant the Seed
The planting medium provides the moisture that the seed’s embryo requires to germinate. Choose a soilless medium such as sand or peat moss and moisten it thoroughly. When it’s dried to barely moist, fill up a planting container and lay the seed on the surface of the medium. Dracaen draco seeds require light to germinate so barely cover it with sand. This top layer, although thin, prevents the top of the seed from drying. Spritz it often with water from spray bottle.
Care During Germination
Dracaena draco is native to the sub-tropical Canary Islands, with an average winter temperature of 70 degrees Fahrenheit and an average summer temperature of 85 degrees. The tree’s seeds, then, require warm, moist soil to germinate. The best way to provide these conditions is by using a heat mat to provide bottom heat to the planting medium. Set mat’s thermostat to between 77 and 85 degrees, set it in a sunny area and then place the germination container on top.
As soon as the draco seed sprouts, which may occur within eight weeks or may take substantially longer, begin gradually lowering the heat mat’s temperature, over the course of a week, until it is turned off. Give the draco seedling lots of direct sun and continue to keep the soil moist. Dracaena draco is a slow-growing plant but it should be large enough to plant outdoors by spring. If you prefer to continue growing it indoors, ensure that it’s placed in a room with temperatures between 70 and 75 degrees and that it gets plenty of sunlight.